Almost every kayak is designed with safety in mind, and manufacturers go to great lengths and widths at the right science and technology to ensure their products are able to withstand even the most challenging conditions. Also, some kayaks are inflatable and can be deflated to a fraction of their size. This makes storage and transportation much more convenient.
However, from the moment you start paddling, you should make sure to follow the right techniques without letting yourself abuse it with careless mistakes. So, do you enjoy going out to the lake to relax with your friends? If so, there are some serious facts that you need to keep in mind before going too far from shore or spending too long on the unfamiliar waters.
Is it possible?
It would be difficult to sink a kayak. Likely, any kayak that was designed specifically to be unsinkable could easily be overcome by a determined intruder. However, still, there are chances to sink a kayak even it’s built at the right science and technology, mostly because of careless human mistakes, less maneuverability knowledge, due to various accidents, due to abusing it, or even by manufacturing errors.
How it Happens & What to Prevent?
01. Exceed Weight Capacity:
When a kayak is overloaded, the weight of the extra people or cargo pushes the boat down into the water. The kayak then displaces more water than it weighs, which creates more buoyancy and lifts the bow of the boat out of the water. This creates an unbalanced state and causes the kayak to overturn, often leading to drowning.
It’s important to remember that a kayak is designed to hold only a certain amount of weight. When this weight limit is exceeded, it can cause serious safety issues. So always be aware of how much weight your kayak can safely carry and never overload it.
02. Sit-in Cockpit filling with water:
A kayak sinks because the water accumulates in the sit-in cockpit, making the boat heavier and eventually causing it to sink. The cockpit is a small opening in the middle of the kayak that sits low to the water and allows you to sit inside.
When you’re in the kayak, your body weight presses down on this opening and prevents most of the water from entering. But as you move around in the kayak or as it tips over, some water can flow into the cockpit through this opening. And once enough water accumulates inside, it will become too heavy for the kayak to stay afloat.
03. Unrecognized Hull Damages:
A kayak can sink from unrecognized hull damages because the kayak will start taking on water, and eventually, it will fill up with water and sink. Before sinking, the amount of water that a kayak can take on depends on the size and type of kayak, but even small holes or cracks in the hull can allow enough water to leak in to cause the kayak to sink.
Even the slightest dent or scratch can cause a kayak to sink because on tour next turn, if the kayak is hit by sturdy objects at the same places. The most common type of kayak sinking is due to unrecognized hull damages.
04. Unfolding or Inflatable Issues (Kayak Nature):
When a kayak’s folding design or inflatable system fails, the kayak will tend to sink. This is because the flotation shape that keeps the kayak afloat is no longer able to do its job. The main thing that can cause an inflatable kayak to sink. The valves become loose and cannot prevent air from escaping the boat. The boat will gradually go low in the water and start filling up to sink if this happens.
The possible reason for a folding kayak to sink is the damages have happened at folding lines, or the kayak has not been properly unfolded at its every angle. This could cause to lower the kayak on the water and swamp the boat filling with water.
01. 60% – 70% of Weight Capacity Usage:
The maximum weight capacity of a kayak is usually determined by the kayak’s manufacturer. It’s important to always check the weight capacity before purchasing or using a kayak to make sure it can safely accommodate your weight. However, as a tip, we would like to advise you to never load a kayak up to its maximum capacity given by the manufacturer simply because it’s maximum.
Therefore always try to maintain a 60% to 70% gross weight on your kayak as per the expert’s advice. Also, loading up to the manufacturer’s maximum capacity will cause your even more trouble like difficult paddling, less maneuverability, and an unstable ride.
Most kayaks are designed to carry a person and their gear safely, but there are some kayaks that are specifically designed for heavier loads. If you’re looking for a kayak that can safely accommodate more weight, be sure to look for models that are specifically marketed as “heavy-duty” or “multi-person”.
Tips: Read Best Kayaks for Heavy Persons.
02. Proper Spray Deck & Tunnel:
A proper spray deck & tunnel creates a watertight seal between the kayak and your body, preventing the kayak from taking on water and eventually sinking. The spray deck is an important piece of equipment that ensures you stay dry while kayaking.
It’s a waterproof cover that fits over the cockpit of the kayak and is attached around your waist with a belt. The deck then wraps around the cockpit and attaches to the side of the boat with snaps or velcro. This creates a watertight seal between your body and the kayak, preventing any water from entering through the cockpit.
03. Good Condition Hull:
A kayak is designed to sit low in the water and typically has a fairly flat bottom. This design makes it difficult for the kayak to flip over and provides minimal resistance as it moves through the water. Additionally, kayaks are often constructed from durable materials, such as polyethylene plastic, that help to prevent them from sinking even if they are completely flooded.
One way to further increase the chances of your kayak remaining afloat is to ensure that it is placed in good condition. A scratched or dented hull can provide an easy access point for water to enter the kayak and cause it to sink.
By keeping your hull free of any single damage and ensuring that all screws and rivets are properly tightened, you can minimize the risk of your kayak sinking. If any damages are noticed before or during your trip, promptly contact a professional repair service for an immediate repair.
04. Well-Prepared Kayak (Inflatable/Foldable):
A well-prepared inflatable kayak will have a number of air chambers distributed both along the length and width of the vessel. In addition, many inflatable kayaks also feature a separate chamber for the floor. If one or more of these chambers becomes punctured, the still-inflated sections will keep the boat afloat while you make your way to safety.
However, you need to make sure you have pumped the kayak with adequate air at the right pressure, and all the valves are in perfect condition.
Most foldable kayaks also employ a self-bailing design that allows water to drain from the cockpit as you paddle. This prevents the boat from becoming too heavy and eventually sinking should a hole develop. Additionally, most foldable kayaks are made from lightweight materials that won’t weigh you down if you need to abandon ship.
However, you need to make sure all the folding lines are in perfect condition, and you have unfolded and created the kayak 100% accurately.
Visual Explanation (Inflatable):
Visual Explanation (Folding):
01. BKC PK13 Angler (Weight Capacity)
The BKC PK13 Angler is perfect for anyone looking for a versatile and efficient kayak. With a weight capacity of 550 pounds and a variety of propulsion options, this kayak can handle any situation. The single pedal-driven system makes it easy to move with or without a paddle, while the included propeller system ensures you’ll get where you’re going quickly.
02. Seals Sneak Zippered (Spray Deck & Tunnel)
The Seals Sneak Zippered is perfect for those who kayak in gentle flatwater conditions. The frontal water-resistant zipper makes it easy to put the sprayskirt on and off, and the medium-weight coated nylon packcloth build ensures that no water enters the kayak. Additionally, the adjustable neoprene waistband and removable suspenders make customizing the fit very easy.
03. KYDEX Sheet (Hull Protection)
KYDEX Sheet is higher breakage resistance than competitive thermoplastics as measured by the Notched Izod test. This needs to be fixed to the kayak hull using genuine 3M tapes. Its among the most rigid of thermoforming materials with a modulus of elasticity of 2,482 MPa (360,000 psi). Its Easy to form with excellent part definition and deep-draw characteristics. Great for all kind of basic or quite deep kayak damages scratches.
04. (Quality Inflatable/Foldable Kayaks)
1. Oru Kayak Inlet
With the Oru Kayak Inlet, you can explore lakes, ponds, and slow-moving rivers with ease. This origami kayak is easy to assemble and offers a lightweight and portable option for flat water kayaking. Whether you’re a beginner or experienced kayaker, the Inlet is sure to provide hours of fun on the water. Ultimately, we could say that this is one of the well-build foldable kayaks that you can rely on.
2. Intex Challenger K1
The Intex Challenger K1 Kayak is a sporty and fun option for experiencing lakes and mild rivers solo. This kayak is perfect for one adult, made with rugged vinyl construction and built for performance. It has an inflatable I-beam floor, low-profile deck, and high-buoyancy side chambers for stability, comfort, and function.
The kayak is lightweight and compact and assembles easily – perfect for taking your fun on the go! Finally, this is one of the best inflatable kayak solution that you can relay on.
01. Can Kayak Paddles Sink?
Yes, kayak paddles can sink. In fact, if you’re not careful, your kayak paddle can sink right along with your kayak. This happens when the paddle gets caught on something underwater – for example, a rock or a weed – and the weight of the water causes the paddle to sink.
To avoid this from happening, it’s important always to be aware of your surroundings and avoid paddling in areas known to have underwater obstructions. Also, make sure that you always have a way to retrieve your paddle if it does happen to sink. Most importantly, never leave your paddle behind – even for a second! – when you’re getting out of your kayak.
02. Can paddling while kayak sinks?
There’s no definitive answer to this question since it would depend on the paddling technique used and the weight and boat design of each kayak. Generally speaking, though, if too much force is exerted on one side of the kayak, it could cause the boat to sink down completely. So it’s always best to use a light touch or get out of the kayak and take necessary precautions if you are in such situation.
03. Do Kayak Flip Over Easily?
It depends on the kayak. Some kayaks are designed to flip over easily so that the person can get back in more easily. Other kayaks are designed to be more stable and less likely to flip over. It really depends on what you’re looking for in a kayak.
04. Can You Get Stuck Upside Down in a Kayak?
It’s possible to get stuck upside down in a kayak, but it’s not likely. If you find yourself in this situation, all you need to do is flip the kayak back over so that you’re right-side-up again.
If you’re kayaking, the main thing to keep in mind is always to stay aware of your surroundings and be prepared for anything. Always wear a life jacket, and make sure you know how to swim before entering the water. In addition, never go out on the water alone, and always tell someone where you’re going and when you expect to be back. Taking these precautions can help ensure a safe and enjoyable kayaking experience for everyone.
05. What to Do If Your Kayaks Flips Over?
If your kayaks flip over, the first thing you should do is try to calm down. Panicking will only make the situation worse. Next, assess the situation and see if you and your fellow kayakers can right the boat yourselves. If not, yell for help and wait for someone to come to your rescue.
In order to prevent yourself from kayak flipping over in the first place, always make sure you are wearing a life jacket and keep an eye on the weather conditions. Avoid paddling in rough waters or during a storm if you are not confident enough, and always stay together as a group when out on the water.